Measuring approximately 4,097 kilometers (2,546 miles), the Bangladesh–India boundary is the fifth longest in the world. A majority of the border was established during the partition of British India following its independence from the United Kingdom. Modern-day Bangladesh was initially incorporated into Pakistan but proclaimed independence in 1971.

Border disputes between Bangladesh and India arose throughout the 20th century largely due to ambiguous colonial boundaries and a complex system of enclaves between the two countries. Despite these tensions, the entirety of the border is delimited and a series of territorial exchanges were finalized in 2015, which dissolved most of the almost 200 enclaves. The majority of the boundary has been demarcated with the exception of a 2 kilometer section along the Muhuri River near Belonia, India, which is currently being negotiated.

Bangladesh and India also have an established maritime boundary.

For access to the full Bangladesh–India Boundary Brief, contact us.

Linked In YouTube
Subscribe to our newsletter (and receive a free map!) SUBSCRIBE