Italy and Tunisia established their continental shelf boundary through a bilateral agreement that was reached in 1971. The boundary was primarily based on the equidistance methodology, constructed between the mainland coast of Tunisia and the large Italian islands of Sicily and Sardinia. Italy’s smaller mid-sea islands of Pantelleria, Lampedusa, Linosa, and Lampione were all enclaved so as to not inequitably skew the line in Italy’s favor. These islands all received 13 M enclaves with the exception of Lampione, which was only allotted a 12 M territorial sea. The boundary extends through the central Mediterranean Sea for 531 M and currently has no defined tripoints with neighboring States on either end, specifically Algeria in the west and Malta in the east.

Italy – Tunisia maritime boundary map

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